Railway Accounts Department Examinations

Sunday, February 9, 2020

NIF - National Investments Fund


NIF - National Investments Fund

·         One of the sources of finance for Indian Railways Capex - Capital Expenditure

·         Established in 2005

·         Maintained by : DIPAM - Dept of Investments & Public Asset Management

·          Credits: Proceeds from disinvestment of CPSEs - Central Public Sector Enterprises.  Initially the proceeds are kept under Public Account of India.

·          Corpus(Amount) of NIF - Permanent nature.  That means  the money with the NIF is permanent in nature and is professionally managed to provide returns (income) to the Government without depleting its value (corpus) 

·         Managed by : Professional Managers such as SBI Funds Managment pvt ltd, UTI Asset Management Company ltd, LIC Mutual Fund Asset Management Company ltd.

·         NIF income- utilised for the following purposes.

1.       Subscribing - shares being issued by the CPSE on Rights basis or Preferential allotment of shares as per SEBI regulations  ( to ensure 51% ownership by the Govt)
2.       For capital infusion in Public Sector Banks & Public Sector Insurance companies to meet BASEL III norms.
3.       Investments in Regional Rural Banks/NABARD- National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development/EXIM Bank - Export - Import Bank/IIFCL - India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited.
4.       Equity infusion in Metro Projects
5.       Investment in Bhartiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BNVNL) & Uranium Corporation of India Limited.
6.       Investment in Indian Railways towards Capital Expenditure.
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Railway Capex 2020-21 Budget


Top of Form

Railway Capex 2020-21 Budget


·         Capex - Capital Expenditure - 1,61,042 Crores


Source of Finance

Amount
(Rs.in Crores)
Percentage




Capital
46500


RRSK
5000


CRIF
18500


Total - Gross Budgetary Support
70000
70000
43 %




DRF
1000


Development Fund
1500


RRSK
5000


Total - Internal Resources

7500
5 %




EBR - IRFC
30000


EBR - IF
28000


EBR - PPP
25292


Nirbhaya Fund
250


Total - External Resources
83542
83542
52 %




Grand Total

161042
100 %


Note: RRSK -  Rs. 10,000 Crores (Budgetary support - Rs. 5000 Crores & Internal Sources - Rs. 5000 Crores)

·         Make Indian Railways, the Growth engine of the Indian Economy.

·         GBS - Gross Budgetary Support  -  Rs. 70,000 Crores (includes RRSK - Rs. 5000 Crores & CRIF - Rs. 18,500 Crores)

·         Electrification - 6500 Route KMs - target (By 2023-2224 - target is entire BG network electrification)

·         New Lines, GC, Doubling, Tripling - 3750 Route KMs

·         Freight loading target - 1265 Million Tonnes.

·         Average freight lead - 553 KM

·         Originating Passengers - 879 Crores

·         S & T - to implement CTC - Centralized Traffic Control system along with Automatic Block Signaling system- 1830 Kms over 8 Zonal Railways.

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CRIF - Central Road & Infrastructure Fund


CRIF - Central Road & Infrastructure Fund

·         One of the Sources of Finance under Capital Expenditure (Capex) of Indian Railways

·         Rs. 18,500 Crores - allocated to Capex of Indian Railways in 2020-21 Budget (Rs. 15,250 Crores in 2019-20) - Usually spend on LC Gates and ROB/RUBs under Plan Heads 2900 & 3000 through RSF - Railway Safety Fund.  CRIF is the main source for RSF.

·         Established in 2000   (The Central Road and Infrastructure Act, 2000) F

·         Old name is CRF - Central Road Fund

·         Managed by Dept of Economic Affairs (DEA) under Ministry of Finance. (Previously it is under Ministry of Road Transport & Highways)

·         Source of Fund -  Levy & collect by way of Cess, a duty of excise and duty of customs on Petrol and Diesel  (in 2018-19 - Rs. 1,13,000 Crores collected).  It is approximately Rs. 10 per liter of Diesel / Petrol.

·         Object: To finance infrastructure projects such as Railways, Inland Waterways, Roads & Bridges, Ports, Shipyards, Urban Public Transport, Energy, Water & Sanitation, Communication & Social infrastructure (educational institutions)
   
·         Ministerial panel on CRIF - 4 Ministers (of Finance, Railways, Road transport & Highways, HRD) - for allocation of funds under CRIF

·         The 15-member sub-committee has Secretaries from different Ministries - Examine and evaluate proposals received from Ministries on infrastructure projects.
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2020-21 Railway Budget financials


 2020-21 Railway Revenue Budget - Financials

click for Statement of Railway receipts and Expenditure Budget 2020-21


SN
Receipts
Amount
(Rs. in Crores)
Percentage

SN
Expenditure
Amount
(Rs. in Crores)
Percentage
1
Coaching Earnings
67500
30 %

1
Ordinary Working Expenses
163157.17
75 %
2
Goods Earnings
147000
65 %

2
Appropriation to DRF
800
1 %
3
Sundry Earnings
11013
5 %

3
Appropriation to Pension Fund
53160
24 %
4
Gross Earnings (1+2+3)
225513
100 %

4
Gross Working Expenses (1+2+3)
217,117.17
100 %
5
Suspense
100


5
Suspense
- 404.17

6
Gross Receipts (4+5)
225613


6
Gross Expenditure (4+5)
216713

7
Misc Receipts
300


7
Misc. Expenditure
2700

8
Total Receipts (6+7)
225913


8
Total Expenditure
219413


Net Revenue = Total Receipts - Total Expenditure
Net Revenue = 225913 - 219413
Net Revenue = 6500

Rs. 6500 Crores Net Revenue is appropriated to

1.       Development Fund - Rs. 1500 Crores
2.       RRSK - Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh - Rs. 5000 Crores


Nil appropriations to Capital Fund and RSF - Railway Safety Fund 


Operating Ratio = Gross Working Expenses / Gross Earnings x 100
Operating Ratio = 217117.17 / 225513 x 100
Operating Ratio = 96.28 %

Highest & Lowest Operating Ratio of Zonal Railways

Zonal Railway
OR
Rank
Metro Railway, Kolkata
250.3
HIghest
Eastern Railway, Kolkata
171.1
Second Highest
East Coast Railway, Bhubaneswar
50.9
Lowest
South East Central Railway, Bilaspur
52.3
Second Lowest