Historical Reforms In Indian Railways - Salient features
·Vision: Making Indian
Railways the growth engine of India's vikas yatra.
·On 24th December, 2019, the Union Cabinet chaired by
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved a transformational organisational
restructuring of the Indian Railways.
·Corporatization structure instead of Government organisation.
·Existing 8 Group A services (i.e., Traffic, Civil,
Mechanical, Electrical, Signal & Telecom, Stores, Personnel, and Accounts)
are merged/unified as Single Central Service i.e., IRMS – Indian Railway
Management Service from the next recruitment scale.
·Modalities and unification of services will be worked out in
consultation with DoPT – Dept ofPersonnel and Training and UPSC – Union Public Services Commission with
the approval of Alternate Mechanism to be appointed by Cabinet in order to
ensure fairness and transparency.
·The process shall be completed within a year.
·Newly recruited officers- From Engineering as well as Non-Engineering
disciplines as per need.
·The recruited officers will be posted as per their aptitude and specialization
to allow them to specialize in one field and develop an overall perspective and
prepare them to take up general management responsibilities at Senior levels.
·Selection of General Management positions shall be through a
·From Departmental lines to Functional lines.
·The existing service of IRMS – Indian Railway Medical Service –
re designated as IRHS – Indian Railway Health Service.
Railway Board – New set up
·CRB, Chairman, Railway Board will act as CEO – Chief Executive
·4 Members –
Each for Infrastructure, Operations & Business Development, Traction & Rolling Stock
·CRB shall be the Cadre Controlling officer – Responsible for HR –
Human Resources with assistance from a DG (HR)
·3 Apex level posts shall be surrendered from Railway Board and
all the remaining posts of the Railway Board shall be open to all officers
regardless of the service which they belonged.
·Also have Independent Members who will be highly distinguished
professionals with deep knowledge and 30 years experience incl: at the top
levels in Industry, Finance, Economics and Management fields.
·The Independent Members will help Railway Board in setting a
·Unification of services has been recommended by Prakash Tandon
committee (1994), Rakesh Mohan Committee (2001), Sam Pitroda Committee (2012)
and Bibek Debroy Committee (2015)
·In continuation of the
reforms already taken such as, Merger of Railway Budget with General/Union
Budget, Model SOP, Private trains etc.
·Outcome of 2 days
conference “Parivartan Sangoshthi” held in New Delhi on 7th & 8th
December, 2019 and Extraordinary meeting of the Railway Board on 8th
·To speed up the ambitious programme of modernization of Indian
Railways with investment of Rs. 50 lakh Crores over the next 12 years.
·At present, departments are vertically separated from top to
bottom and are headed by a Secretary level officer (Member] in the Railway
Board. This organization of the department runs deep down to the grass root
level of the Railways.
·Unification of services will end this 'departmentalism',
promote smooth working of Railways, expedite decision making, create a coherent
vision for organisation and promote rational decision making.