Kavach - ATP - Automatic Train Protection
An indigenous ATP - Automatic Train Protection system
As part of TCAS - Train Collision Avoidance System
Developed by RDSO - Research, Designs & Standards Organization, Lucknow in association with Indian Industry players.
Object: to boost safety in trains operations
Kavach - literally means Protection or Shield
How it works: It is a set of electronic devices and RFID - Radio Frequency Identification Devices installed in locomotives, in the signaling system as well the tracks, that talk to each other using ultra-high radio frequencies to control the brakes of trains and also alert drivers.
Costing Rs.30 Lakh to 50 Lakh Kilometer (European Train Protection and Warning System costing approx Rs. 2 Crores per Kilometer.)
A part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
State of the Art electronic system. SIL - 4 certification. Safety Integrity Level 4 certified technologies. That means the probability of 1 error in 10,000 years.
Chances of export of this Kavach technology for Railways.
Prevention of SPAD - Signal Passing at Danger
Continuous update of Movement Authority with a display of signal aspects in Driver Machine Interface (DMI) / Loco Pilot operation cum Indication Panel (LPOCIP)
Automatic Braking for Prevention of Over Speeding
Auto Whistling while approaching Level Crossing Gates
Prevention of collision between two Locomotives equipped with functional KAVACH
SoS Messages during emergency situations
Centralized live monitoring of Train movements through the Network Monitor System.
Automatically reduced the speed to 30 Kmph from 60 Kmph as the locomotive entered the loop line.
Priority for introducing Kavach in Indian Railways
96% of railway Traffic is carried on Indian Railway High-Density Network and Highly Used Network routes.
2022-23 FY Target: To cover 2000 KMs