Railway Accounts Department Examinations

Showing posts with label Metro train. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Metro train. Show all posts

Friday, February 7, 2020

HMR - Hyderabad Metro Rail


HMR - Hyderabad Metro Rail


·          Pride of Hyderabad city

·         World’s largest Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project in Metro Rail sector.

·         A MRTS – Mass Rapid Transport Project

·         An integrated urban transport development project with inter modal connectivity and convenient sky walks  - for seamless commuting across busy Hyderabad city.

·         Gauge : Standard Gauge 1435 mm ( where as Broad guage -1676 mm is used in Indian Railways)

·         Standard Gauge is also called as uniform gauge, UIC gauge, International gauge etc.  60 % of the World Railway tracks are operated in Standard guage only.

  • Maximum capacity per 3 car train  - 965  (Each car – 40 seats)

·         Brand Mantra of HMR – “My City, My Metro, My Pride”

Why Metro in Hyderabad city

·           Population stands at 1 Crore + .  Projected to touch 1.36 Crores by 2020

·         Currently 50 lakhs personalized vehicles ply on Roads with addition of 5 lakh vehicles every year.

·         80 Lakh motorized trips – every day  .  Out of which 32 Lakh trips are made by Public transport system i.e., Local Trains & Buses.  Rest of 48 Lakh trips are made by personal vehicles leading to bottlenecks, high pollution levels & steep increase in fuel consumption


DBFOT –Design, Build, Finance, Opeation & Transfer

·         35 years (5 years construction + 30 years Operation)

·         Can be extended to another 25 years

·         After 35 years, entire structure incl: Track, Corridors, Station Buildings etc, Rolling stock, Malls etc should be transferred to State Government i.e., Telangana.

·         Central Metro Act extended to Hyderabad city.


Salient features

1.    Three Corridors -69 KM

2.    Corridor 1 – Red Line   - From Miyapur to LB Nagar -29 KM

3.    Corridor 2 – Green Line – From MGBS – Mahatma Gandhi Bus Stand to JBS – Jubilee Bus Stand – 11 KM

4.    Corridor 3 – Blue Line – Nagole to Raidurg – 29 KM

5.    Concessionaire (the holder of a concession or grant, especially for the use of land or commercial premises or for trading rights.) is LTMRHL – Larsen & Toubro Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited.  It is a SPV – Special Purpose Vehicle


6.    Eco friendly, fully automated and best-in-class transportation, reduction of carbon footprints

7.    RBT – Regenerative Braking Technology

8.    CBTC – Communication Based Train Control technology – virtually one train can speak to another train 

9.     Comfortable Air Conditioned coaches

10. HMRL – Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited, a Govt of Telangana enterprise

11.  Every KM (approx) – One Station

12. Automatic ticket vending machines - reducing waiting time in queues and counters.

13. Automatic fare collection system - hassle free entry and exit from the stations.



Partners

·         Operations & Maintenance – Keolis  (Paris based organisation- World leaders in public transport business)

·         Rolling Stock (Coaches)  - Hyundai Rotem of South Korea

·         Communications – Thales, Portugal

·         Signal & Train Control – Thales, Canada

·         Ballast less Track – Tata Corus (France), Voest Alpine (Austria) & Vossloh (Germany)

·         Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) – Samsung (South Korea)

·         Elevators & Escalators – OTIS (USA)



Green Metro

·         Reduce Carbon footprint -10 thousand tons of CO2,  200 tonnes of volatile organic compounds & 12 tonnes of particulate matter are eliminated

·         Efficient power consumption

·         Rainwater harvesting – One lakh litres of water per day is recycled

  • One ton of waste paper per year is recycled. Thus saves 23 trees per year.

Financials:

·         Total Estimated Cost – Rs. 14.132 Crores

·         Central Govt support through VGF – Viability Gap Fund – Rs. 1458 Crores

·         Amount spent by State Govt. i.e., Telangana  - Rs. 3000 Crores

·         Revenue Model  - TOD – Transit Oriented Development

A.   Passenger fares – 50 %

B.   Retail Malls (as TOD) -40 %  (57 acres given by State Govt on lease basis)

C.   Advertisements & stalls at Stations – 5%


Status of Metro trains – World over
·         Approx 200 Metro Trains in Cities worldwide

·         Out of that, only 4 are in profits (Tokyo, Taipei, Singapore & Hongkong)


Prominent features of Rolling Stock
·         3 Cars Train set (can be extendable to 6 Cars Train set)

·         Maximum Design Speed – 90 kmph

·         Maximum Operating Speed – 80 kmph

·         Average Speed – 33 kmph

·         Dwell/Halt time at Station – 20 Seconds

·         Energy regeneration during electro dynamic braking

Timeline
·         Conceived in 2007 (HMR formed)

·         Agreement with L&T – 2010

·         First Corridor started – 2017 (28th November)

·         Last Corridor started – 2020 (7th February)