Railway Accounts Department Examinations

Showing posts with label Vocabulary. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vocabulary. Show all posts

Monday, April 27, 2020

Friday, July 5, 2019

English Vocabulary

Learn English Vocabulary with the help of the Editorial of The Hindu Newspaper  
for aspiring LDCE candidates

Linkfor Analysis of Vocabulary in The Hindu Editorials


1.    Hiatus (Noun)  - Pause, break, interval

If the party and its coalition survive the current turmoil it will still be only hiatus.

2.    Stem from (Verb) -  emerge from, originate from

The BJP’s confidence in winning the by-polls stems from its spectacular showing in the Lok Sabha elections.

3.    Wait in the wings (Phrase)  - Ready to do something or to be used at the appropriate time

The BJP is not just waiting in the wings; it is actively trying to reenact a script it has perfected over a decade and more.

4.    Horse-trading  (noun)  - Hard and shrewd bargaining especially in politics

With two MLAs of the Congress resigning from the Karnataka Assembly, it is clear that horse-trading to pull down the State government is under way.

5.    Manoeuvre (Verb)  - Manage, organize, arrange (something tactfully)

At 105 seats in the 224-strong house, it was eight short of a simple majority and began plans to manoeuvre its way to power.

6.    The time is ripe (phrase) – An appropriate or convenient time has come.

The BJP appears to be convinced that the time is ripe for a strike, both because of its success in the parliamentary election and the disenchantment in the Congress over the alliance with the JD(S).

7.    Pay the price (phrase)  - To go through the unpleasant outcome of something which you have done earlier.

The congress is lacking in these aspects and is paying a heavy price.

8.    Rout (Noun)  - Defeat

The party still enjoys significant public support in Karnataka, as was demonstrated in the local body election weeks after its rout in the Lok Sabha election.


1.    fault-line (noun) – a divisive issue, difference of opinion.

Other than deepening the existing fault-lines in its own State and rendering the situation even more volatile, it is unclear what the Nagaland government hopes to achieve through the exercise. 

  1. demography (noun) – the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.

But the Assam experience shows that in the complex demographies of the Northeastern States, it may not turn out that way.

3.      on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically

When such is the situation on the ground, in an already volatile region where the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is routinely extended, it is best that Nagaland proceeds with caution in this enterprise.

4.      emotive (adjective) – sensitive, emotional, delicate

Emotive political issues cannot be allowed to drive the compiling of a registry of citizens.

5.      deportation (noun) – expulsion/expelling, banishment, exile

Bangladesh has repeatedly suggested that the process going on in Assam is “an internal matter” of India, implying that there is no deportation possibility here.

6.      strata (plural form of stratum) (noun) – level, class, echelon/rank

While it would mean convenience, privacy and ease for people belonging to the upper strata who have easy access to healthcare facilities anytime, for those living in conditions of vulnerability and lack access to health care, self-help becomes the primary, timely and reliable form of care

7.      stigma (noun) – shame, disgrace, dishonor

                 One of the reasons why people shy away from getting tested for HIV is stigma and discrimination.

8.      deluge (noun) – a great/large quantity of something

What has changed is the deluge of new diagnostics, devices and drugs that are transforming the way common people access care, when and where they need them. 


1.       Plurilateral

ü  bilateral - involving two parties / countries
ü  multilateral - among more parties / countries
ü  plurilateral - among limited parties / countries with a particular interest (between more than two countries, but not a great many, which would be multilateral.

Note: The term "plurilateral agreement" is used first time in the World Trade Organization.
"The countries that make up the G-20(19 nations and the European Union) account for 85% of the World's nominal GDP, and each pressing issues it wishes to discuss with other members on bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral levels."

2.       Fugitive

ü  Fugitive (n) : [ fyoo-ji-tiv ]
       A person who is fleeing, from prosecution, intolerable circumstances, etc.  A
        runaway.   Example: A fugitive from justice.

"Mr. Modi raised several Indian concerns at the G-20 deliberations, including the need for cooperation on dealing with serious economic offenders and fugitives, as well as climate change funding. This found its way into the final declaration." 

3.       Grandstanding

ü  Grandstanding (verb intransitive)

        to conduct oneself or perform showily or ostentatiously in an attempt to impress onlookers.

"The G-20 is an important platform to discuss pressing issues, and it must not be detracted from its original purpose of promoting sustainable growth and financial stability by grandstanding by one or two members."

4.       Modicum - Noun mod-i-kuh m, moh-di- ]

ü  a moderate or small amount, little bit, particle.
Example: He hasn't even a modicum of common sense.

"While the mandated investment in government securities will ensure a modicum of liquidity, the reduction in sectoral concentration will discipline funds and force them to diversify their risks."

5.            come to grief (phrase) – fall through, fail, collapse.

6.            ripple effect (noun) – the continuing and spreading results of an event/action repeatedly.

7.            come up with (phrasal verb) – produce, propose/put forward, submit/recommend.