HMR - Hyderabad Metro Rail
Pride of Hyderabad city
World’s largest Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project in the Metro Rail sector.
An MRTS – Mass Rapid Transport Project
An integrated urban transport development project with intermodal connectivity and convenient skywalks - for seamless commuting across busy Hyderabad city.
Gauge: Standard Gauge 1435 mm (whereas Broad gauge -1676 mm is used in Indian Railways)
Standard Gauge is also called a uniform gauge, UIC gauge, International gauge, etc. 60 % of the World Railway tracks are operated in Standard gauge only.
Maximum capacity per 3 car train - 965 (Each car – 40 seats)
Brand Mantra of HMR – “My City, My Metro, My Pride”
Why Metro in Hyderabad city
The population stands at 1 Crore +. Projected to touch 1.36 Crores by 2020
Currently, 50 lakhs personalized vehicles ply on Roads with the addition of 5 lakh vehicles every year.
80 Lakh motorized trips – every day. Out of which 32 Lakh trips are made by Public transport system i.e., Local Trains & Buses. The rest of the 48 Lakh trips are made by personal vehicles leading to bottlenecks, high pollution levels & steep increase in fuel consumption
DBFOT –Design, Build, Finance, Opeation & Transfer
35 years (5 years construction + 30 years Operation)
Can be extended to another 25 years
After 35 years, the entire structure incl: Track, Corridors, Station Buildings etc, Rolling stock, Malls, etc should be transferred to State Government i.e., Telangana.
Central Metro Act extended to Hyderabad city.
Three Corridors -68 KM
Corridor 1 – Red Line - From Miyapur to LB Nagar -29 KM
Corridor 2 – Green Line – From MGBS – Mahatma Gandhi Bus Stand to JBS – Jubilee Bus Stand – 11 KM
Corridor 3 – Blue Line – Nagole to Raidurg – 28 KM
Concessionaire (the holder of a concession or grant, especially for the use of land or commercial premises or for trading rights.) is LTMRHL – Larsen & Toubro Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited. It is an SPV – Special Purpose Vehicle
Eco-friendly, fully automated, and best-in-class transportation, reduction of carbon footprints
RBT – Regenerative Braking Technology
CBTC – Communication Based Train Control technology – virtually one train can speak to another train
Comfortable Air Conditioned coaches
HMRL – Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited, a Govt of Telangana enterprise
Every KM (approx) – One Station
Automatic ticket vending machines - reducing waiting time in queues and counters.
Automatic fare collection system - hassle-free entry and exit from the stations.
Operations & Maintenance – Keolis (Paris-based organization- World leaders in public transport business)
Rolling Stock (Coaches) - Hyundai Rotem of South Korea
Communications – Thales, Portugal
Signal & Train Control – Thales, Canada
Ballast less Track – Tata Corus (France), Voest Alpine (Austria) & Vossloh (Germany)
Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) – Samsung (South Korea)
Elevators & Escalators – OTIS (USA)
Reduce Carbon footprint by -10 thousand tons of CO2, 200 tonnes of volatile organic compounds & 12 tonnes of particulate matter are eliminated
Efficient power consumption
Rainwater harvesting – One lakh liters of water per day is recycled
One ton of waste paper per year is recycled. This saves 23 trees per year.
Total Estimated Cost – Rs. 14.132 Crores
Actual Completed Cost - Rs. 18,411 Crores ( 17,207 Crores by L & T and 1,204 Crores by Government as part of VGF.
Central Govt support through VGF – Viability Gap Fund – Rs. 1458 Crores. But given so far 1204 Crores
Amount spent by State Govt. i.e., Telangana - Rs. 3000 Crores
2020-21 FY loss - Rs.1,767 Crores (Cumulative loss Rs. 3,279 Crores)
Debt element as on date - By L&T - 13,252 Crores ( Interest rate 9.1 %)
Yearly Interest charges are borne by L & T - Approx 1200 Crores.
Revenue Model - TOD – Transit Oriented Development
Passenger fares – 50 %
Retail Malls (as TOD) -40 % (57 acres given by State Govt on lease basis)
Advertisements & stalls at Stations – 5%
Status of Metro trains – World over
Approx 200 Metro Trains in Cities worldwide
Out of that, only 4 are in profits (Tokyo, Taipei, Singapore & Hongkong)
Prominent features of Rolling Stock
3 Cars Train set (can be extendable to 6 Cars Train set)
Maximum Design Speed – 90 kmph
Maximum Operating Speed – 80 kmph
Average Speed – 33 kmph
Dwell/Halt time at Station – 20 Seconds
Energy regeneration during electro-dynamic braking
Conceived in 2007 (HMR formed)
Agreement with L&T – 2010
First Corridor started – in 2017 (28th November)
Last Corridor started – 2020 (7th February)
Key takeaways for MCQ ( General Knowledge)
PPP stands for Public Private Partnership
World’s Largest PPP project in Metro Rail sector - Hyderabad Metro
MRTS stands for Mass Rapid Transport System
Standard gauge - 1435 MM - Also called Uniform Gauge or International Gauge
As on 31.03.2017 - Indian Railway's position
DBFOT stands for Design, Build, Finance, Operation & Transfer
CBTC stands for Communication Based Train Control technology – virtually one train can speak to another train
VGF stands for Viability Gap Fund
RBT – Regenerative Braking Technology
AFC stands for Automatic Fare Collection