## Railway Accounts Department Examinations

Showing posts with label Introduction. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Introduction. Show all posts

## Thursday, September 28, 2023

### Statistics in Railways - An Introduction

Statistics in Railways - An Introduction

Sources:

Origin of the word Statistics:  German “Statistik” means Description of a State or a Country

Definition: The discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of Data.

Characteristics:

1. Numerically expressed

2. Aggregate of facts

3. Systematically collecting the Data

4. Should be comparable to each other.

5. Data are collected for a planned purpose.

Statistics in Indian Railways:

• Statistics Organization Incharge - Director Statistics & Economics, who works under the control of Member Finance in Railway Board.

• Statistical Officer is incharge at Zonal Railways, who works under the control of PFA

History of Indian Railways:

• Official Use - Printed triennially (every 3 years).

• Sale to the Public - Published Sexennially (every 6 years)

• From 1969 onwards - Published decennially (every 10 years)

Factors - Railway Statistics: The Railway Statistics are based on the followin factors:

1. Quantity - Expressed in number of tonnes and passengers transported and earnings derived.

2. Distance - Expressed in Kilometres

3. Duration - In Hours and Days

4. Service - In Trains, Vehicles, Wagons & Engines

• The above Primary Units are linked together to express in Composite items called Fundamental Units.  That is Fundamental Unit = Linking of Primary Units. Examples are:

1. Tonne Kilometres ( Fundamental Unit) - Tonnes & Kilometres ( Primary Units)

2. Passenger Kilometres (Fundamental Unit)  - Passengers & Kilometres (Primary Units

• Derivating Units: Relationship that exists between two sets of Primary Units or Fundamental Units are called as Derivative Units. Examples are:

Derivative Unit = Primary/Fundamental Unit + Primary/Fundamental Unit

 Derivative Units Primary / Fundamental Units Primary/Fundamental Units Earnings Per Passenger Passenger Earnings (Primary) Passengers carried (Primary) Earnings per Passenger per Kilometre Passenger Kilometres (Fundamental) Passenger Earnings (Primary) Average distance travelled by Passenger or Lead PKM-Passenger KiloMetres (Fundamental) Number of Passengers (Primary) Average load in Wagons per Train Wagon KiloMetres (Fundamental) Goods Train Kilometres (Fundamental)

Principal Heads - Statistics in Indian Railways are grouped as under:

 SN Principal Heads / Groups Consists of : 1 Economic & Financial Statistics Tri-monthly approximate figures of earnings (every 10 days), Traffic handled in the shape of passengers booked, monthly statistics of tonnage lifted and wagons loaded and of revenue and expenditure 2 Transportation Statistics No of trains run, Train KMs, Shunting KMs, Wagon/Vehicle KMs, Engine KMs etc 3 Commercial Statistics No of Passengeers /Tonnes carried, PKM, NTKM, Average Lead, Average fare/Rate, Claims etc 4 Rolling Stock & Workshop Repair Statistics Repair & Maintenance of Rolling Stock, Engine failures, Hot Boxes, Outturn etc 5 Administrative Statistics No of Staff, Sick days, Accidents, Pay Scales and Physical Statistics like Route KMs, No of Railway Stations, Gradients, curvature of the P.Way.

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