Railway Accounts Department Examinations

Showing posts with label Establishment Rules. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Establishment Rules. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 21, 2023

Dearness Allowance & Dearness Relief - Difference between




  1. Dearness Allowance (DA) is granted to employees to meet the increased cost of living due to inflation.

  1. The rate of DA is decided based on the CPI-IW  Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (All India)- prepared by the Labour Ministry 

  1. DA is calculated on the Basic pay of the employee.

  1. Every year DA rates will be revised TWO times i.e. on 1st January and 1st July.

  1. A fraction of 50 paise is ignored and more than 50 paise is rounded off to the next higher rupee.

  1. In the case of Running staff, DA is calculated on Basic Pay + 30% of Basic pay.

  1. In the case of Railway Doctors, DA is calculated on Basic Pay + 20% of Basic Pay.

  1. The present rate of DA is 46% with effect from 01.07.2023. 

DEARNESS RELIEF - Pensioners  

  1. Dearness Relief (DR) is paid on pension/Family pension.

  1. It is calculated on the Basic Pension of the employee.

  1. Every year DR rates will be revised TWO times i.e. on 1st January and 1st July.

  1. The present rate of DR is 46% with effect from 01.07.2023. 


  1. What DA is granted to the Government employees?

  2. The rate of DA is revised based on…………………………………………….

  3. How many times is DA revised annually? 

  4. In the case of Running staff, DA is calculated on Basic Pay + 30% of Basic pay.

  5. In the case of Railway Doctors, DA is calculated on Basic Pay + 20% of Basic Pay.

  6. What is the present DA/DR with effect from 01.07.2023?

  7. To whom Dearness Relief is paid?


  1. To meet the increased cost of living due to inflation.

  2. Consumer Price Index -Industrial Workers (All India) - prepared by the Labour Ministry

  3. Twice.  On 1st January & 1 st July

  4. 30%

  5. 20%

  6. 46%

  7. To the pensioners and family Pensioners 


Monday, November 20, 2023

MACP - Modified Assured Career Progression


MACP - Modified Assured Career Progression 

  • W.e.f  01.09.2008.

  • Old ACP - Assured Career Progression Scheme - 09.08.1999 to 31.08.2008.   

  • Assurance - Minimum 3 Financial upgradations in their service  

  • Intervals - 10 years, 20 years & 30 years of qualifying service. 

  • The upgradation is to the next Level in Pay-Matrix.

  • Financial upgradation is purely personal to the employee and not according to seniority. 

  • If the employee gets regular promotion as per seniority/merit such promotion will be counted against the three financial up-gradations.

  • If the employee is stagnated in any grade for 10 years, he will be given financial up-gradation in the next higher level.

  • Granting financial up-gradation is subject to eligibility.

  • Eligibility: Last 3 years APAR - Minimum grading is “Very Good” .

  • Free from DAR/Vigilance/Criminal cases and should not be undergoing any penalty.  

  • Can employees refuse to take the Regular Promotion?   

  • Before MACP  - Yes.  But they are not considered for financial upgradation for that grade.  

  • After MACP  - Yes.  

  • Pay fixation and option benefits are admissible as per the rules.

  • No change in the Designation. 

  • No change in the Present post. 

  • No change in the responsibilities. 

  • Service rules are applicable to the present post only for all benefits. 

  • In case the granting of financial upgradation under the MACP scheme is postponed for reasons attributable to the employee, future upgradations under this scheme will also get postponed.    

Key points for MCQ: 

  1. MACP - From 01.09.2008  

  2. MACP stands for Modified Assured Career Progression

  3. ACP - 09.08.1999 to 31.08.2008 

  4. Minimum 3 Financial Upgradations 

  5. Intervals - 10, 20 & 30 years 

  6. APARs considered - Last 3 years 

  7. Minimum grading - Very Good 

  8. No change in Present post, Designation or responsibilities. 


Sunday, November 19, 2023

AEMG - Alternative Employment on Medical Grounds


AEMG - Alternative Employment on Medical Grounds 

  • Every employee should always be medically fit for the post he/she is holding.

  • If any employee is found medically not fit to hold the present post, he/she should not be continued in that post and should be given an alternative suitable post.

  • As it takes some time to identify suitable alternative posts, such employees will be placed in supernumerary posts and will be paid a salary.

  • PWD Act: Medically de-categorized employees should be provided alternative appointments in suitable posts in the same grade without monetary loss duly considering the provisions of section 47 of PWD Act 1995.  (Persons with Disabilities Act)

  • First, the suitable post should be identified in his/her department.

  • If no suitable post is identified, then that employee can be considered for absorption in other departments.

  • They should not be absorbed in lower-grade posts even on their request.

  • If the employee wants to take voluntary retirement it can be accepted. 

  • Committee:  A committee of three officers (Sr.DPO, concerned Dept Officer, and Officer from any other Dept) as nominated by DRM in the division should conduct screening of medically de-categorized employees and suggest suitable alternative posts for them.

  • With the approval of DRM, the medically de-categorized employees will be absorbed in the recommended alternative post.

  • They can also ask for any suitable alternative post. Their request can be considered if vacancies are available in such posts.

  • Absorption in suitable posts should be done expeditiously to avoid wastage of manpower and unnecessary financial implications.

  • Typing Test: Medically de-categorized employees on absorption in the clerical cadre are exempted from passing the Typing test.

  • 30% of Basic Pay: Pay of Medically de-categorized Running staff on absorption in suitable alternative posts should be fixed by adding 30% of basic pay as an element of running allowance.

  • Personal Pay: If there is no Cell equal to that amount, pay should be fixed in the lower cell and the difference in amount should be shown separately as Personal Pay and it will be observed in future increments.

  • Security Dept: Medically de-categorized RPF (Railway Protection Force) / RPSF (Railway Protection Special Force) personnel shall be absorbed into the ministerial cadre of the Security Department. If it is not possible due to the non-availability of vacancies, they can be considered in any suitable post in other departments.

  • The service rendered in the previous post will always count for all purposes, including fixing seniority in the absorbed post.

  • Employees who get recommendations from medical authorities for transfer to other posts on medical grounds will not have the above benefits. Their cases are dealt with under Interdepartmental request transfer rules.


Sunday, November 5, 2023

Reservations in Recruitment and promotions


                    Reservations in Recruitment and promotions

By Shri JC Nagaraja Rao, Dy.CPO (Retd)

  1. Articles 16 (4), 335, 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India provide for reservations in services in favor of SC, ST and other Socially and Economically backward classes.

  2. Article 16 (6) was inserted in the constitution through 103 amendment for providing reservation in favor of economically weaker sections w.e.f 14.01.2019.

  3.  Article 16 (4A) provides for reservation in the matter of promotions in favor of SC & STs.

  4.  In recruitment reservation is provided for SC, ST, OBC, EWS, PwBD, Ex-servicemen. 

  5. In promotions reservation is provided for SC, ST & PwBD only.

  6. SC is from either Hindu or Sikh or Buddhist religion. 

  7. ST can be of any religion.

  8. OBCs will be from the list of castes prepared by the Central Govt.

  9. EWS are those who are not eligible for SC,ST & OBC reservation. 

  10. The total reservation for all categories should not exceed 50% in each cadre. Cadre means grade/Level. For example Jr Clerks, Sr Clerks, OS & Ch OS are four separate cadres for the purpose of reservations in clerical cadres. 

  11. Necessary certificate from competent authority in prescribed form should be submitted to avail reservation. (District Magistrate/District Collector/Revenue Officers not below the rank of Tahsildar & Medical Board)

  12. The verification of SC/ST certificates should be done within three months from the date of appointment.

  13. Suitable departmental and criminal action will be taken for submission of fake certificates.

  14. In recruitment reservation for SC, ST and OBC is 15%, 7.5% and 27% respectively.

  15.  In promotions reservation for SC and ST is 15% and 7.5% respectively. No reservation for OBC in promotions.

  16. Reservation is post based. Not on vacancy bases.

Example for Post Based Reservation:

Sanctioned posts = 100

Reservation for SC = 100 x 15% =             15

Reservation for ST = 100 x 7.5% = 7.5 ( ie 8 )

Reservation for OBC = 100 x 27% =          27

Total reservation = 50 (15+8+27)

Un-reserved posts = 50

Available SC employees on roll = 10 

Available ST employees on roll = 5

Available OBC employees on roll = 20

Available UR = 40

Total available on roll = 75 (10+5+20+40)

Vacancies = 25 (100-75)

SC   requirement = 15 -10 =  5

ST   requirement =    8- 5   = 3

OBC requirement = 27-20 = 7

UR requirement =    50 -40 = 10

Category wise requirement = 5+3+7+10 = 25


Note: Un-reserved vacancies means ‘No reservation’ for these posts. They are filled on merit or on seniority. Anybody ie SC / ST /OBC / UR who is in merit or is senior can be appointed against unreserved vacancies.

  1. In direct recruitment, the reserved category candidates who are selected on the same standard as applied to General Candidates will not be adjusted against reserved vacancies.

  2.  Only when he/she avails the relaxations in age limit, experience, qualification, permitted number of chances etc will be adjusted against reserved vacancies.

  3. In Railway Group-A vacancies are filled by Direct Recruitment through UPSC and by promoting Group-B Officers.

  4. Group-B vacancies are filled by promoting Group-C employees through departmental selection. ( 70% promotional Quota & 30% LDCE Quota)

  5. Group-C vacancies are filled through Direct Recruitment (through RRB and RRC) and by giving promotion within Group-C ( Selection, General selection, LDCE, GDCE, Trade Test etc)       

  6. Separate rosters registers should be maintained for DR, Promotion, LDCE and GDCE.  

  7. Reservation rules are not applicable to postings on deputation. 

  8. No reservation for single post cadre. The vacancy should be filled by seniority or merit as the case may be.

  9. The unfilled posts of SC/ST/OBC should not be de-reserved i.e should not be converted to UR.

  10. Such posts should be carried forward to next recruitment year. The same rule applies to promotions also.

  11. However, posts can be exchanged between SC and ST if the vacancy could not be filled due to non-availability of candidates of that particular community ( ie SC or ST) in the third recruitment year. 

  12. At any given point of time , the rule of maximum 50% quota should be followed on the cadre as a whole and not on the basis of individual recruitment where it may happen that all posts may fall to the share of either SC or ST or OBC due to carry forward rule for unfilled vacancies.

  13. Candidates appointed on compassionate grounds should be shown against the appropriate roster point as per his community i.e SC against SC, ST against ST, OBC against OBC and UR against UR.

  14. Candidates who are appointed against Sports/Cultural/Scouts & Guides quota should not be shown against SC/ST/OBC reservation points because their selection for appointment is purely on merit in their respective fields.

  15. Employees who are rendered surplus and absorbed in alternative posts should be shown against the appropriate roster points as per his community i.e. SC against SC, ST against ST, and UR against UR. If there is no SC/ST point vacant, such surplus staff should be booked against UR point because we should not keep the surplus staff waiting for an alternative appointment for want of SC/ST vacancy.

  16. Reservation in recruitment and promotion shall be as per roster. This roster is post based. Not vacancy based. 

  17. In the Post Based Roster (BPR)  system, if a vacancy arises in the cadre due to Transfer/Promotion/Retirement/Death etc of SC/ST/OBC employee, that vacancy should be filled only by SC/ST/OBC candidate/employee respectively.

  18. The PBR system is applicable in promotions from Group-C to Group-B, within Group-B and Group-B to Group-A. 

  1. Reservation for OBC in recruitment:

All OBCs are not eligible for reservation.

Only those coming under Creamy Layer Category in OBC are eligible. 

Candidates whose family annual income is not more than Rs 8 Lakhs come under Creamy Layer category.

The certificate shall be from the local revenue authority not less than Tahasildar.

Age relaxation 3 years.

  1. Reservation for Ex-servicemen in recruitment:

10% in Group-C posts & 20% in erstwhile Group-D (Level-1) posts are reserved for them.

Should have put in 15 years service in Army/Air force/ Navy and has passed Army Class-I certificate or equivalent. 

Age relaxation: 15 years.

  1. Reservation for PH candidates in recruitment and promotions:

According to Right of persons with disabilities Act 2016, 4% reservation in recruitments and promotions should be provided to physically handicapped persons who are suffering from the following:

  1. Blindness and low vision

  2. Deaf and hard hearing

  3. Locomotors disability (including cerebral palsy, Leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy).

  4. Autism intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness.

  5. Multiple disabilities from among (a) to (d) above including deaf and blindness

Note: The minimum disability should be 40%.

Distribution of 4% reservation is as under:

For category (a) above – 1%

For Category (b) above – 1%

For Category (c ) above- 1%

For categories (d) & (e) above – 1%

Railways can exempt any post/cadre from the above reservations for PwD candidates.

Necessary Certificate from competent Medical Board constituted by Central/State Govt should be obtained and produced.

Age relaxation is 10 years . 

  1. Reservation for Economically Weaker Section candidates:

EWS reservation is only for General category candidates (i.e Those not eligible for reservation under SC/ST/OBC communities.)

10% reservation in Un-reserved vacancies.

No age relaxation.

EWS certificate from State Revenue Authorities not lesser than Tahasildar.

Gross annual income of a family is not more than 8 Lakh rupees in a financial year.

Family shall not own 5 acres of agricultural land and above, Residential flat of 1000 Sq ft and above, Residential plot of 100 Sq Yards and above in areas notified municipalities and Residential plot of 200 Sq Yards and above in areas other than notified municipalities. 

  1. Reservation for Course Completed Act Apprentice:

20% of vacancies in Level-1 posts (Erstwhile Group-D posts in GP 1800/-)

Should have undergone training in Railway Establishments and 

Should have a National Apprentice Certificate issued by National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT). 

  1. Reservation for Minorities:

4.5% of OBC vacancies are to be filled by Minorities. 

To avail the benefit of reservation, the person should be belonging to Minority Community as defined in Section 2 ( C ) of the National Commission for Minorities Act 1992 and his caste/community should have been included in the notified list of OBCs. 


  1. Vertical and Horizontal Reservation:

Vertical Reservation means reservation for  SC/ST/OBC(NCL)/UR.

Horizontal Reservation means reservation for  PH/EWS/Ex-servicemen/CCAA.

  1. UR = UR(merit) +PH(merit) +EWS((merit) + Ex-servicemen(merit)

SC = SC + PH(SC) + Ex-Servicemen (SC)

ST = ST + PH (ST) + Ex-Servicemen (ST)

OBC = OBC + Minority (OBC) + PH (OBC)  + Ex-servicemen(OBC)