DFCCIL – Dedicated Freight Corporation of India Limited
DFCCIL (SPV – Special Purpose Vehicle) is wholly
owned company of Ministry of Railways registered under Company Act 1956 and was
incorporated on 30th October, 2006.
for completion of the Project – December, 2019 (It may be extended)
Estimated Project Cost - Rs. 82,000 Crores (Approx)
The Eastern & western dedicated freight corridors
entail an investment of 12 billion dollars,
Eastern Corridor - World Bank Loan of 1.86
Western Corridor - JICA loan of 5.2 Billion
The balance between Project Cost and Loan is
bear by Govt of India through Equity.
Need of DFC
Eastern Corridor ( E D F C ) f ro m Lu d h ia n a ( S a h n ewa l ) t o Dankuni (Near Kolkata)
Western Corridor (WDFC) from Jawaharlal
Nehru Port, Mumbai
to Dadri near Delhi.
Delhi-Mumbai rail route and the Delhi –Howrah rail route are highly congested
IR has lost a significant portion of its
Freight business to the Road sector and has planned to recover the market share
Golden quadrilateral connecting 4 Metropolitan
cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata and its diagonals
1. Delhi to Chennai and 2. Mumbai to Kolkata – Total route length of
10,000 Kms –
Share of Golden quadrilateral at present
capacity varying between 120 % to 150 % in Eastern Corridor (Delhi to Kolkata)
and in Western Corridor (Delhi to Mumbai) – Highly saturated
IR lost its share in freight traffic from 83 %
in 1950-51 to 30 % in 2018-19
meet the growth of Indian Economy in recent decades and to garner the share of
Freight transport, the Govt mooted the conception of Dedicated Freight
step in the above direction is the Presentation of Railway Budget in 2005-06.
study report – October, 2017
– A SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) named Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation
of India limited was incorporated as a company under the Companies Act, 1956.
build a Corridor with appropriate technology
regain market share of Freight transport
set up Multimodal logistic parks along the DFC to provide complete solution to
adopt the Railways as the most environmental friendly transport mode
: De facto Chairman, Railway Board
Total route length : 3600 kms
Western Corridor : 1504 Kms
From Dadri (UP) to JNPT Port (Mumbai)
Eastern Corridor : 2096 Kms From Ludhiana to Dankuni (West
Railway’s share expected to go up from present level 30 % to 45% in the Total
It is exclusively for
Freight trains. So it should be possible
to run timeb-tabled trains with guaranteed transit time.
mile connectivity – by tying up with truck operators. So that offered door to
door services to the Customers.
up of Multimodal logistics parks along the Corridor to facilitate al kinds of
value addition from packaging. Retailing, labelling, pelletizing etc.
Design-Build Lump-sum Contract strategy –
Construction of DFC. Being a design build contract bidder is supposed to quote
lump-sum contract price for the total work including design, construction,
testing, commissioning and liability during defect liability period. It is akin to
EPC Projects. Click for Article on EPC in
Western corridor will cater double stack
containers on electrified traction, which is first in the world
RO-RO – Roll On Roll Off
traffic – Western Corridor - to attract
non bulk traffic particularly at short lead to avoid cost of transhipment
Relationship with Indian Railways:
Concessioner is Indian
Railways and Concessionaire is DFCCIL
Period is 30 years (from
commencement of operations)
Accept freight trains
on its track on payment of user charge called TAC – Track Access Charge by
Indian Railways and other Private Train operators.
will be acquired by IR under Railway Amendment Act, 2008 and leased to DFCCIL
the Project: Loan from External bilateral/ Multilateral funds recd via Ministry
of Railways and equity contribution from Ministry of Railways.
Main source of Revenue
to DFCCIL is TAC – Track Access Charge
TAC consists of Fixed
and Variable components. Variable component based on volume of traffic in terms
of 000 GTKMs
Cost of construction of
Double Line electrified Track – Rs. 18
Crores (in IR , it is Rs.12 Crores).
The reasons for increasing cost are
traction of 2 x25 KV, 58hz single phase AC
line automatic signalling
of loading of 32.5 Tonnes Axle Load
have grade separation from IR Existing lines in the form of fly overs to ensure
free flow of trains on both the systems.
about paradigm shift in Freight operations
in unit cost of transportation.
turnaround of Wagons
as Catalyst for the Development of Industry and areas along the Corridor.
payload to tare ratio (by higher axle load wagons)
objective is to reduce the O & M Costs (Operation & Maintenance)
Coming up Freight Corridors are
East-West Corridor (Kolkata-Mumbai) – 1856 Kms.
North-South Corridor (Delhi-Chennai) - 2173 Kms
East Coast Corridor (Kharagpur-Vijaywada) 1100
Southern Corridor (Chennai-Goa) - 899 Kms.
Latest update on May 2022
EDFC - 1875 RKM From Ludhiana (Punjab) to Dankuni (West Bengal) covering Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, and Jharkhand, West Bengal.
WDFC - 1506 RKM. From Dadri (UP) to Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Mumbai) covering UP, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
Key points for MCQ
DFCCIL stands for Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited
Western DFC - From Dadri (UP) to JN Port (Mumbai)
EDFC - From Ludhiana (Punjab) to Dankuni (West Bengal)
WDFC - 1506 RKM
EDFC - 1875 RKM
RKM stands for Route Kilo Meters
DFCCIL Hqrs - New Delhi
Total Cost - Rs. 1,24,000 Crores