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Showing posts with label Public Private Partnership. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Public Private Partnership. Show all posts

Saturday, July 2, 2022

Bharat Gaurav Tourist Trains - Desh Apna Dekho


Bharat Gaurav Tourist Trains

  • An initiative under “Dekho Apna Desh” to promote domestic tourism

  • Policy from 01.04.2022

  • Theme-based tourist circuit Trains

  • To showcase India’s rich cultural heritage and magnificent historical places to the People of India and the World.  

  • At present, IRCTC is already running several tourist circuit trains on Railways.

  • Now, Railways Invited professional private tour operators to run the above trains 

  • Themes like Ramayana - covering places connected with Lord Shri Ram, Guru Kripa - Cover important places of Sikh culture, etc.  

  •  The first phase - Allocated 180 Trains with 3033 coaches like Vande Bharat, Vista Dome, and LHB Coaches. 

Salient features: 

  • Private Tourist service provider - free to decide the theme

  • Offer all-inclusive package including travel, accommodation, sightseeing arrangement, tour guides, etc. 

  • Full flexibility to decide package cost based on the services provided by them. 

  • Choice of Coaches like AC and Non AC and Accommodation like  Luxury, Budget, etc. 

  • Free to design/furnish interior and exterior of Coaches. 

  • Branding and advertisement are permitted both inside and outside of the Train. 

  • Train composition - 14 to 20 Coaches 

Process of selecting Tour operators:

  • Online registration 

  • Registration fees - Rs. One Lakh. 

  • Security Deposit - Rs 1 (one) Crore per rake.

  • Individual, Partnership Firm, Company, Society, trust, JV/Consortium (Unincorporated/Incorporated) are eligible.

  • Right to Use charges and Haulage charges are notified in the policy for Service Provider to work out his business model.

  • Right to Use Period: 2-10 years.

First / Maiden Bharat Gaurav Train 

  • Between Coimbatore to Sai Nagar Shirdi round trip with tourist places of Mantralayam  on 14.06.2022

  • 5 days trip

  • Southern Railway gets an annual fixed revenue of Rs. 3.34 Crores.

  • Registered Service provider - South Star Rail, Coimbatore-based part of the conglomerate group - Future Gaming & Hotel Services Pvt Ltd. 

  • Security Deposit - Rs. 1 Crore per 20 coaches rake, Annual right to use charges - Rs. 27.79 Lakhs and Quarterly Fixed haulage charges - Rs. 76.77 lakhs  

  • Variable haulage charge of Rs.38.22 Lakhs (excl: GST) for 5 days trip 

  • 1100 tourists traveled

  • Composition : First AC Coach -1, 2-tier AC coaches – 3, 3-tier AC coaches-8, Sleeper Class coaches-5 , Pantry car-1 and Luggage-cum-brake Vans-2. (Total – 20 coaches)

  •  All coaches - refurbished the interiors

  • Public Address system - provided for all coaches - for regular communication, playing devotional songs and mantras 

  • Doctor on board to attend any emergency

  • Private security in Train

  • On board AC Mechanic and electrician 

  • Maintained by branded housekeeping service providers 

  • Catering facility - traditional vegetarian menus

  • Radio jockey to entertain the passengers during the journey.  

Shri Ramayana Yatra

  •  18 days trip - started from New Delhi on 21st June 2022 

  • Operated by IRCTC as Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train

  • Cover approximately 8,000 KMs

  • IRCTC is the first Indian agency to connect India and Nepal through a tourist train. 

  •  Covers Janakpur (Nepal), Ayodhya, Janakpur, Buxar, Kashi, Sitamarhi, Chitrakoot, Prayagraj, Hampi, Nasik, Kanchipuram, Rameshwaram, and Bhadrachalam. 

  • The capacity of 600 tourists. 

  • AC 3 Tier Coaches

  • Single occupance - Rs. 71,820, Double occupancy - Rs. 62,370, Child with bed (5-11 years group) - Rs. 56,700 (Ticket is uniform irrespective of boarding point) 

  • All-inclusive package of Travel, Food, Accommodation, Guide, etc

  • Boarding points: Aligarh, Kanpur, Tundla & Lucknow 

 Key Takeaways for MCQ

  1. Branded as Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train

  2. Initiative under “Dekho Apna Desh”

  3. Policy w.e.f:  01.04.2022

  4. First / Maiden Bharat Gaurav Train - Coimbatore to Sai Nagar Shirdi

  5. First Registered Service provider under Bharat Gaurav Scheme - South India Star, Coimbatore-based firm

  6. Right to use period - 2 to 10 years

  7. Online Registration fees - Rs.1 Lakh

  8. Security Deposit for each Rake - Rs. 1 Crore

  9. Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train between India and Nepal  - Operated by IRCTC


Wednesday, July 29, 2020

P P P – Public Private Partnership

Public-Private Partnership (Definition,Example)| Top 7 Type of PPP

P P P – Public Private Partnership


Related articles on PPP



DedicatedFreight Corridor





Govt of India Website on PPP


Introduction :


·         An innovative way of delivering modern, high quality public services and promoting the country’s competitiveness. 

·         Currently, PPP occupies the page-3 status in the news.


What is:


·         A long term project between the Government and a private sector company for delivering an infrastructure service on payment of user charges.

·         Partnership / collaboration between a Government and Private firm

·         Used to finance, build & operate public projects


Why require:  


·         Due to resource crunch, Governments are not able to undertake capital intensive Public projects such as Roads, Bridges, Metro transport, Airports, Sea ports, Power services etc.

·         However Private players might be interested in funding such Public projects subject to receiving the operating profits during the life time of the Project.

·         Significant deficit in the availability of physical infrastructure that impacts economic development.

·         Development of infrastructure requires large investments that cannot be undertaken out of public financing alone, and that in order to attract private capital as well as the techno-managerial efficiencies associated with it, the Government is committed to promoting Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in infrastructure development.



Salient features:


·         Normally the contract periods of 25 years or longer.

·         Role of Private player:  Designing, Build, Finance, Operating and Transfer –DBFOT

·         Role of Public player: Defining and monitoring the Project as per compliance.

·         Risks are distributed between the Public and Private partners according to the ability of each to assess  

·         The infrastructure projects may not always be financially viable because of long gestation periods and limited financial returns.  Hence, the Govt provides incentives (in India, VGF – Viability Gap Fund ) to the Private player like subsidies, land, tax benefits etc.

·         Typically, a private sector consortium forms a special company called a special purpose vehicle (SPV) to build and maintain the asset. The consortium is usually made up of a building contractor, a maintenance company and a bank lender. It is the SPV that signs the contract with the government and with subcontractors to build the facility and then maintain it.

·         Risk sharing – Private sectors managing commercial risks, construction risks, financial risks.  Whereas Govt managing Political risk and land acquisition.

·         Model Concession Agreement (MCA) - The detailed modalities of the contract between the private player and the Government. This document plays a pivotal role in the implementation of the project. It clearly delineates the risks to be shared by the private player and the government and spells out the formula of sharing of the revenue among other important details


Types of PPP



Build, Own & Operate


Built, Operate & Transfer


Build, Own, Operate & Transfer


Build, Own, Operate, Share & Transfer


Design, Build, Finance & Maintain


Design, Build, Finance, Maintain & Operate


Design, Built, Finance, Operate & Transfer

O & M

Operation & Maintenance


Operations, Management & Development Agreement





·         PPP work well when Private sector technology and innovation combine with Government player’s subsidies, tax benefits etc

·         Provide better public services

·         Creating good infrastructure facilities


Examples in India:


·         PPPAC – Public Private Partnership Appraisal Committee

·         Total PPP projects cost in India  - Rs. 25 Lakhs Crores  (Nearly 2000 Projects)

·         Hyderabad Metro Rail project – Rs. 12000 Crores

·         Teesta Power Project – Rs. 6000 Crores – BOO

·          Dhamra Port, Odisha – Rs. 10000 Crores – BOOST

·         Delhi Internation Airport – Rs. 12000 Crores - OMDA

·          Delhi – Meerut Expressway – Rs. 10000 Crores – DBFOT

·         Container terminal at JNPT – Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Maharashtra– Rs. 6700 Crores -O & M


Examples of PPP in Indian Railways:


·         In India, Noida Toll Bridge was the first successful example of a Public Private Partnership in the transportation sector.

·         Redevelopment of New Delhi Railway Station – Rs. 8,500 Crores

·         Redevelopment Gwalior, Nagpur, Amritsar & Sabarmati Railway Stations  -  Rs. 1300 Crores

·         Catering, Food plazas, Budget hotels

·         SPV – PRCL (Pipavav Railway Corporation Limited)  - Surendranagar-Pipavav new line.

·         K – RIDE - A Joint Venture named K-RIDE (Rail Infrastructure Development (Karnataka) Limited

·         Wagon Investment Scheme  - WIS

·         Parcel Services

·         Operation of Container trains

·         Private sidings

·         ICDs – Inland Container Depots

·         Railside Warehouses

·         Dedicated Freight Corridor